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Assessment of Development Results - Indonesia

image of Assessment of Development Results - Indonesia

This is an independent country-level evaluation called the (ADR) in Indonesia, conducted by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Developement Programme (UNDP). This evaluation examined the relevance and strategic positioning pf UNDP support and its contributions to the country’s development from 2001-2010. It assessed UNDP Indonesia’s interventions under the five thematic areas of the country programmes, with an intention to provide forward-looking recommendations that are useful for the formulation of the new UNDP country programme in Indonesia.

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Indonesia’s development challenges, 2001-2009

The period under review presented Indonesia with a number of serious development challenges, arising from political, social and economic problems. The Asian financial crisis that started in 1997, combined with an unseasonal drought, affected the Indonesian economy more severely than other regional economies. Production and incomes fell by almost 14 percent, and the number of people in poverty doubled when 36 million more were pushed into absolute poverty. This temporarily raised the poverty rate from 15 percent to 33 percent in 1998-1999.8 Political uncertainties after the fall of the Soeharto regime combined with sudden deprivation led to communal tensions that exploded in ethnic violence, particularly in Sulawesi. This led to further impoverishment and displacement of people. Although the economy recovered rapidly from 1999 onwards and falling food prices helped poverty rates return to pre-crisis levels, the economy did not stabilize for several years, and the collapse of an authoritarian regime left a political vacuum. Indonesia entered the new millennium under signs of great uncertainty.

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