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Assessment of Development Results - Iraq

image of Assessment of Development Results - Iraq
This Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Iraq was conducted by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2013 towards the end of the current UNDP programme cycle of 2011–2014 with a view to contributing to the preparation of the new UNDP country programme as well as the forthcoming United National Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). The ADR assesses the strategic positioning of UNDP support in transition and development. The ADR covers a particularly important time for Iraq, in its efforts towards reconstruction and transition to development.

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National context

Until two decades ago, Iraq was highly regarded in the Middle East for its public sector management capability, its effective growth strategy for an emerging economy and its social welfare programmes. Since the 1991 Gulf War, years of war and international isolation have led to deteriorating infrastructure and underinvestment in public services. The hierarchical bureaucracy and inefficiencies of the socialist system, as well as secrecy and the patronage system under centralized rule, led to inefficiencies in public service delivery and a lack of transparency in governance. The country still suffers from the remnants of this system.

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