Assessment of Development Results - Serbia

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A decade of regional warfare during the 1990s, intervention by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the authoritarian policies of the Milosevic regime left Serbia socially, politically and economically devastated. Serbia became isolated from the international community, and the transition brought a number of costs. The assessment is based on an evaluation of current and past programmes and extensive stakeholder consultations. It provides an analysis of the extent to which United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has positioned itself effectively to identify and respond to national development needs. It also offers an overall assessment of the development results in the areas of post-conflict transition achieved in cooperation with the Government and other development partners.



National challenges and strategies

Serbia’s democratic transition, which started with the ouster of Slobodan Milošević in 2000, has been shaped by its long-term goal of membership in the European Union. But en route to EU accession, Serbia continues to face challenges rooted in regional instability, the unresolved status of Kosovo, poverty, and the legacy of the recent history of conflict – all of which culminated in the assassination of Serbia’s prime minister in 2003. Political fragmentation and social division continue to impede the republic’s development. Moreover, the recent decision by Montenegro to leave the state union with Serbia will present challenges of another kind.


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