Assessment of Development Results - Serbia

image of Assessment of Development Results - Serbia

A decade of regional warfare during the 1990s, intervention by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the authoritarian policies of the Milosevic regime left Serbia socially, politically and economically devastated. Serbia became isolated from the international community, and the transition brought a number of costs. The assessment is based on an evaluation of current and past programmes and extensive stakeholder consultations. It provides an analysis of the extent to which United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has positioned itself effectively to identify and respond to national development needs. It also offers an overall assessment of the development results in the areas of post-conflict transition achieved in cooperation with the Government and other development partners.



UNDP in Yugoslavia

The relationship of Yugoslavia with the United Nations (UN) and its system dates back to 1948 when the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia gained membership in the UN. The break-up of the state in the 1990s led to the establishment of four new independent states: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovenia. The SFRY was transformed into the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, consisting of Serbia, with Kosovo, and Montenegro. The FRY was not permitted to claim the UN seat as a successor state of Yugoslavia and applied for membership, granted 1 November 2000, as a new state. Yugoslavia has been a recipient of UN assistance since the 1950s. The first office of the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance and Special Fund, the predecessor organization of UNDP, opened in Belgrade in 1952. Between 1966 (when UNDP was established) and 1992, UNDP delivered several country programmes and supported the activities of other UN agencies. In 1992, the UNDP office was closed after international sanctions were imposed on Yugoslavia. During this period, UNDP coordinated programmes for the former Yugoslavia from an office in Vienna. After a small Liaison Office was re-opened in Belgrade in 1996, UNDP’s work focused on crisis response by supporting other UN agencies, including the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and NGOs working on humanitarian assistance and human rights for victims of conflict, especially refugees and IDPs.


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