Assessment of Development Results - Somalia

image of Assessment of Development Results - Somalia

This report presents the findings of the ADR based on an analysis of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of UNDP interventions implemented between 2005 and 2010. The ADR also addresses the strategic positioning of UNDP. The evaluation relied on documents, interviews with approximately 200 individuals, including beneficiaries, Somali authorities, donors, civil society, representatives of international organizations and independent observers. The evaluation found that UNDP contribution to development results in Somalia has varied considerably depending on the region where activities were implemented. The report highlights several challenges and shortcomings in programme management. It concludes that, despite these challenges, UNDP Somalia continued to seize opportunities as they emerged through the peace process and enjoy a privileged relationship with the authorities and donors.



The national context and international aid

Located on the east coast of Africa north of the equator, Somalia borders Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Kenya. It comprises Italy’s former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. In 1991, after the collapse of the government of the Somali Republic, parts of the north-western area formerly under British rule declared independence and became the Republic of Somaliland. In 1998, the leaders of the north-eastern region of Puntland declared it an autonomous state but without seeking secession from Somalia. The remainder of the territory, now called South and Central Somalia, spreads along the Indian Ocean up to Kenya. Somalia has one of the longest coastlines in Africa extending 2,720 kilometres. The country has an estimated total area of 637,657 km2 and a population of 8.7 million.


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