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Assessment of Development Results - Thailand

image of Assessment of Development Results - Thailand

This report examines the strategic relevance and positioning of UNDP support, and its contribution to the development of Thailand under the two recent country programmes for 2002-2006 and 2007-2011. As Thailand has become a middle-income country, UNDP has been seeking to reposition itself, making an effort to shift its approach from a project-based one to policy-level support. However, it has still been running projects that are often parallel to national programmes and activities, relying on the funds it has raised. With shrinking funding base, this mode of operation has put a limitation on the impact it could have. The report found high expectations among the Thai people for UNDP to represent and promote the values that UN espouses.

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Development challenges and national strategies

Over the period of the Ninth and the Tenth NESDPs, from 2002 to 2011, Thailand has experienced strong economic growth and modernization. With real economic growth averaging 4.06 percent between 2000 and 2009, Thailand has become a middle-income country (MIC). The human development index has also steadily improved over the decade, roughly at the same pace as the global trend, placing Thailand at the higher end of medium human development countries. Its ranking has dropped however from 61st among 151 countries in 2002 to 92nd among 169 countries in 2010, mainly due to rapid development in other countries in the region. The national poverty incidence dropped drastically from 34 percent in 1990 to 21 percent in 2000 and to 9 percent in 2008, overshooting the poverty reduction target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The quality of life has been generally improving, with an emerging and buoyant middle class supporting the economic growth.

English

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