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Assessment of Development Results - Ukraine

image of Assessment of Development Results - Ukraine

This report presents an assessment of the key development results in Ukraine in the last five to seven years, focusing on the contribution the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has made towards them. In the first part of the 1990s,Ukraine’s transition took place against the backdrop of substantial economic and social decline. Since 1999, recovery has taken hold, and the economic growth performance has been impressive in recent years. Still, Ukraine continues to operate far below its human development potential, especially in comparison to its European neighbours.

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Executive summary

Since declaring Independence in July 1990, Ukraine faced three interwoven challenges. The first was to build, practically anew, a sovereign state and regain genuine national independence; the second was to make the transition from a political autocracy to a political democracy; and the third was to make the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy. This transition process was complicated by the breakdown of traditional markets and financial ties with the former Soviet Union, the heavy burden posed by the Chernobyl disaster, pronounced ethnic differences between the eastern and western regions of the nation, and the need to respond to the return of large numbers of Tatar people who had been deported under Soviet rule.

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