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Assessment of Development Results - Ukraine

image of Assessment of Development Results - Ukraine

This report presents an assessment of the key development results in Ukraine in the last five to seven years, focusing on the contribution the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has made towards them. In the first part of the 1990s,Ukraine’s transition took place against the backdrop of substantial economic and social decline. Since 1999, recovery has taken hold, and the economic growth performance has been impressive in recent years. Still, Ukraine continues to operate far below its human development potential, especially in comparison to its European neighbours.

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Transition to a democratic, market economy

Ukraine became formally independent on 24 August 1991, following a referendum in which more than 90 percent of the population favored ending more than 70 years of Soviet rule. With independence, the country’s leadership faced the immense task of forging a robust nation state. At the same time, Ukraine was embarking upon a transition to an entirely different economic system, and the political and civil society structures were in a state of flux. Liberal democratic thinking was in its formative stages, new political parties were searching for a political platform, and civic institutions, each with a variety of agendas, were only beginning to emerge.

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