CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

Bolivia’s commodity price shock

The adverse shock affecting commodity prices has received little attention, at least by comparison with the recent financial crisis. The latest fall in international prices shows that, contrary to what is claimed in the empirical literature, most of these prices tend to move in unison during periods of expansion and contraction in the economic cycle. Constant shocks help account for the variability of Bolivian export prices, and the inclusion of a new sector, soya, in the export portfolio has not reduced overall risk. The conclusion is that Bolivia’s policy of diversifying commodity exports has not had the effect of reducing risk, evening out cycles, reducing price volatility or increasing real export revenue. It is suggested that manufacturing exports be developed to make the country less vulnerable to shocks.

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