Broadband in Latin America

Beyond connectivity

image of Broadband in Latin America
The policy analyses and proposals presented in this book focus on national programmes to foster universal broadband access and the debate on Internet neutrality. The study of the current trends highlights the progress of cloud computing and the new developments induced by the entrance of over-the-top operators in the Latin American and Caribbean region. This book underscores the need to expand regional and national Internet traffic exchange points (IXPs) and the relevance of the increasing demand gap, which poses new challenges beyond those related to access and connectivity.



The challenge of over-the-top content and services

Incumbent telecommunications operators providing services such as fixed and mobile telephony, broadband and pay-TV are being invaded by the online content industry and so-called over-the-top (OTT) applications, services and content. The best-known examples of these include Skype, WhatsApp, video games and film streaming (Netflix, Pandora). A key feature of this industry is that the Internet service supplier (ISP) is not involved in the distribution of OTT applications, services or content and does not earn any revenue from them. Yet OTT providers need Internet providers? infrastructure to reach their users, and they deliver products that generally compete with the ISPs? proprietary ones, such as voice, instant messaging and online TV.


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