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Crossing Boundaries

Legal and Policy Arrangements for Cross-border Pastoralism

image of Crossing Boundaries

This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements. There are many examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists.

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Conclusions and recommendations

Pastoral mobility predates the imposition of international boundaries and in many countries transboundary movements continue to contribute to pastoral resilience. Pastoralists move their herds across international borders for a number of reasons, including to access pasture and water resources, to exchange breeding stock in an effort to diversify the herd gene pool, to pursue cross-border trade, and to manage drought and other risks. Movements may be made on a daily, seasonal, annual or occasional basis. Cross-border mobility delivers secondary benefits by creating economic and social ties, strengthening communication, providing access to productive resources, and allowing pastures in one location to be rested and improved.

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