Crossing Boundaries

Legal and Policy Arrangements for Cross-border Pastoralism

image of Crossing Boundaries

This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements. There are many examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists.




Mobility is one of the most defining features of pastoralism. Pastoralists move with their livestock herds in search of water and pasture. These movements may be within national territories or cross country borders; they may adhere to fixed predictable routes or follow flexible patterns that respond to local conditions. Strategic mobility allows pastoralists to adapt to variable weather conditions and produce food in constrained rangeland ecosystems.


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