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Crossing Boundaries

Legal and Policy Arrangements for Cross-border Pastoralism

image of Crossing Boundaries

This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements. There are many examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists.

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Types of legal arrangements for transboundary pastoralism

Cross-border pastoral mobility and participatory transboundary governance are increasingly under negotiation at national, regional and global levels, as Section 3 illustrates. There are various ways to pass from discussion to practice, for example: bilateral treaties; regional agreements, decisions or protocols; national legislation that provides for transnational movement; and local-level arrangements between communities or local government entities on either side of a border. There are also a range of possible non-binding mechanisms, such as joint policies, programmes or strategies, MoUs or informal cooperative arrangements facilitated by civil society.

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