Designing Household Survey Samples

Practical Guidelines

image of Designing Household Survey Samples
This publication serves as a handbook that includes the main sample survey design issues that can conveniently be referred to by practicing national statisticians, researchers and analysts involved in sample survey work and activities in countries. Methodologically sound techniques that are grounded in statistical theory are used in this handbook, implying the use of probability sampling at each stage of the sample selection process. A well-designed household survey that is properly implemented can generate necessary information of sufficient quality and accuracy with speed and at a relatively low cost. The content of this publication can also be used, as a training guide for introductory courses in sample survey design at various statistical training institutions that offer courses in applied statistics, especially survey methodology.

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Sources of data for social and demographic statistics

Household surveys are among three major sources of social and demographic statistics in many countries. It is recognized that population and housing censuses are also a key source of social statistics but they are usually conducted at long intervals of about 10 years. Administrative record systems are the third source. For most countries, however, this source is somewhat better developed for health and vital statistics than for social statistics. Household surveys provide a cheaper alternative to censuses for timely data and a more relevant and convenient alternative to Administrative record systems. They are used for the collection of detailed and varied socio demographic data pertaining to the conditions under which people live, their well-being, the activities in which they engage, and demographic characteristics and cultural factors that influence behaviour, as well as social and economic change. This does not, however, preclude the complementary use of data generated through household surveys with data from other sources such as censuses and administrative records.

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