CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

Determinants of structural heterogeneity in Mexican manufacturing industry, 1994-2008

This article analyses the stagnation of productivity and the increasing structural heterogeneity of Mexican manufacturing industry in the period 1994-2008. Traditional indicators of dispersion are estimated for 200 activity classes, 50 branches and nine divisions of the manufacturing sector; and these corroborate the widening disparity in productive efficiency between globalized activities and traditional industries that has been reported in other papers. The study also provides a more detailed account of the intensification of this trend in the first decade of the present century and the specific characteristics of within-sector heterogeneity. Other results obtained using a shift-share technique show that structural change contributes very little to productivity growth, and that technological progress is concentrated in just a few activities that engage with the domestic economy in a variety of ways. Nonetheless, these activities have weak local linkages and add little value to the content of the goods they make.

English Spanish

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