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Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 1983

image of Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 1983

This latest edition of the Survey analyzes current economic and social developments in the region against the background of events in the world economy. It also focuses on the serios problems of growth and transformation of the area's least developed and Pacific Island developing economies.

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Industrialization

The targets of the International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade pertaining to industry are expressed mainly in terms of manufacturing. The Strategy, in line with the Lima Declaration, calls for an expansion of manufacturing output at an average annual rate of 9 per cent so as to lay the basis for developing countries to produce 25 per cent of world output of manufactures by the year 2000. Other objectives include satisfaction of domestic demand, provision of employment, diversification of output and an increase in the share of developing countries in world exports of manufactured goods. In spite of differences in emphasis between countries, these largely reflect the aspirations of many developing ESCAP countries as revealed in their development plans. In this chapter, the focus is on certain aspects of policy measures adopted in developing ESCAP countries to achieve these objectives. A brief review of global measures has also been undertaken.

English

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