Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 1983

image of Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 1983

This latest edition of the Survey analyzes current economic and social developments in the region against the background of events in the world economy. It also focuses on the serios problems of growth and transformation of the area's least developed and Pacific Island developing economies.



Social conditions

The International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade pro vides a set of recommendations addressed to various aspects of social development. It is recognized in the Strategy that close to 85 million people in the developing world live at the margin of existence enduring hunger, sic ness, homelessness and absence of meaningful employment , that great numbers remain underemployed or unemployed that many millions are illiterate and that high infant mortality rates, poor housing and environmental degradation in urban slums and depressed rural areas continue to afflict the people of the developing countries. The reduction and elimination of poverty and a fair distribution of the benefits of development, therefore, are regarded as primary obectives of the international community during the Decade. These are further specified in time-bound targets to be reached as closely as possible by the year 2000. Universal primary enrolment, health for all, attainment of life expectancy of 6 years in the minimum and reduction of infant mortality rates to 5 per 1, live births are among these targets. The Strategy also highlights the need for ameliorating the conditions of the disadvantaged groups e.g. the disabled, children, youth and women.


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