Economic Development in Africa Report 2012

Structural Transformation and Sustainable Development in Africa

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This report provides concrete policy recommendations for African policy makers and their development partners on how to promote sustainable structural transformation in Africa, meaning a sustainable structural transformation that integrates the relative decoupling of natural resource use and environmental impacts from the growth process. The Report also discusses why a strategy of sustainable structural transformation is important for Africa, how strategic priorities can be identified and the role of the national State and the international community in such a strategy.

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African countries have been growing at a relatively fast rate since the beginning of the new millennium, which in turn has led to improvements in several areas such as trade, mobilization of government revenue, infrastructure development, and the provision of social services and vice versa. Indeed, over the period 2001–2008, Africa was among the fastest growing regions in the world economy, and it is interesting to note that this improvement in growth performance has been widespread across countries. Despite the progress that has been made by the region over the last decade, the current pattern of growth is neither inclusive nor sustainable. There are various reasons for this.

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