Economic Development in Africa Report 2012

Structural Transformation and Sustainable Development in Africa

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This report provides concrete policy recommendations for African policy makers and their development partners on how to promote sustainable structural transformation in Africa, meaning a sustainable structural transformation that integrates the relative decoupling of natural resource use and environmental impacts from the growth process. The Report also discusses why a strategy of sustainable structural transformation is important for Africa, how strategic priorities can be identified and the role of the national State and the international community in such a strategy.

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Environmental sustainability, economic growth and structural transformation: Conceptual issues

There are important differences among economists, and also between economists and ecologists, regarding the relationship between economic growth and the environment, the meaning of sustainability, and the policies necessary to make growth consistent with environmental sustainability. Against this backdrop, this chapter examines some conceptual issues critical to understanding different approaches.

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