Economic Development in Africa Report 2018

Migration and Structural Transformation

image of Economic Development in Africa Report 2018

The EDAR 2018 titled "Migration and Structural Transformation in Africa" highlights how intra-African migration is of relevance to the agenda for regional and continental integration and shows that there are still many knowledge gaps, including on the relationship between migration, economic and trade policies. The report seeks to remedy these gaps by drawing on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, global datasets, household surveys and sectoral level data to derive stylized facts about patterns of intra-African migration and channels through which they affect socio-economic development outcomes in Africa. This report innovatively adopts a human-centered narrative in identifying opportunities for absorption of extra labour in different sectors across the continent. The findings offer new insights for African governments as well as for migration stakeholders outside the continent.

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Patterns and trends of migration

This chapter examines migration patterns and trends in Africa over the last 27 years, highlighting their evolution and configurations within and across regions on the continent. The first section examines migration patterns and trends in Africa in 1990–2017 at the interregional and continental levels. The second section provides an overview of regulatory frameworks that have shaped mobility on the continent. The last three sections examine migration patterns in terms of duration of stay, irregular migration and the gender component of migration.

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