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Economic Report on Africa 2007

Accelerating Africa’s Development through Diversification

image of Economic Report on Africa 2007

Profound changes are increasingly occurring in all areas of the world economy. While the industrialized and emerging economies are able to contain the multiple external and internal shocks generated by these changes, Africa on its part is still struggling to cope with them. The analyses reported in the present edition of the Report review the world economy and map out prospects for development in Africa through the institution of structural reforms to diversify and modernize the economy, enhance competitiveness, promote trade, accelerate growth and reduce poverty.

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Diversification and Growth

The presentation in the previous chapter has painted a varied picture of the results of Africa’s efforts to diversify its economies. At the same time, regional differences between Africa, Asia and Latin America were compared. The question then becomes why some countries or regions achieved breakthrough in their diversification efforts while others did not? Identifying the determinants of diversification is one part of solving this puzzle. Linking these policy instruments to growth and development outcomes through growth is the other part of the puzzle. This chapter is about fitting both parts of the puzzle together.

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