Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 1999-2000

image of Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 1999-2000

This summary provides an assessment of the Latin America and the Caribbean region's economy during 1999 and the first half of 2000. It presents an overview of each country's external sector, macroeconomic policy, activity levels, inflation, employment, saving and investment. The publication contains thirteen statistical tables.




The course taken by the Peruvian economy in 1999 was largely determined by the repercussions of the external shocks that had buffeted the country the year before. Output returned to a moderate 3.8% growth path,1 and there was also success on the inflation front, where a new record low of 3.7% was set. Economic recovery was largely confined to the primary sector, however, while the rest of the economy continued to flounder in the aftermath of the previous year’s recession. The tight credit conditions that hadled to an outflow of short-term foreign capital starting in late 1998 were compounded by financial difficulties in a number of sectors and the persistence of negative expectations for much of the year. The result was a contraction of domestic demand (-3%), which led to a drop in employment (- 6%) and a crisis situation in the financial sector. The privatization process ran out of steam, and less than half of the programme originally envisaged for 1999 could actually be carried out.


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