Financing Human Development in Africa, Asia and the Middle East

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This book assesses feasible financing strategies for policymakers to follow in pursuance of human development, taking as reference the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and their achievement by 2015. These strategies are analyzed in the context of broader concerns of economic development with special reference to nine countries from Africa, Asia and the Middle East; that is, how to make macroeconomic policies support more effectively sustained growth while reducing widespread poverty and inequalities and other human development gaps in low- and middle-income countries, especially in times of global economic crises or external shocks. In this sense, this book adds new evidence regarding the social deficits in these countries and suggests policy options to overcome them.




Tunisia has had one of the fastest growing economies in North Africa and the Middle East (MENA) since the 1990s. By 2010, gross national income per capita had increased to $4,070, three times more than thirty years ago. Economic growth was driven by labour-intensive and export-oriented manufacturing activities, creating jobs for low and semi-skilled workers, including many females. Economic diversification, along with high inflows of workers? remittances, underpinned domestic demand growth.


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