Handbook on Economic Tendency Surveys

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The Handbook on Economic Tendency Surveys provides best practices and harmonized principles on how to conduct economic tendency survey from sample selection, questionnaire design, survey questions, survey execution, to data processing and dissemination. It also provides examples of uses of these surveys, for example, for composite tendency indicators. These surveys provide qualitative information that cannot be collected using other quantitative statistical methods. They also serve as an integral part of an early warning system because they provide information about the occurrence and timing of upturns and downturns of the economy.




The preparation of the Handbook on Economic Tendency Surveys was initiated by the United Nations Statistical Commission as part of the international programme of work on short-term economic statistics which was developed in response to the 2007/2008 economic and financial crisis. The international programme on short-term economic statistics was the result of a wide consultation initiated by the United Nations Statistics Division and Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) in collaboration with Statistics Canada, Statistics Netherlands and the Russian Federal State Statistics Service in order to ensure a coordinated statistical response to the economic and financial crisis. Four themes were identified in the programme: business cycle composite indicators, economic tendency surveys, rapid estimates, and data template and analytical indicators.


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