Handbook on the Least Developed Country Category

Inclusion, and Graduation and Special Support Measures

image of Handbook on the Least Developed Country Category
The present Handbook contains a comprehensive explanation of the criteria, procedures and methodology used in establishing which countries are eligible for inclusion in, or recommended for graduation from, the Least Developed Countries (LDC) category. It also provides an overview of the special support measures that can be derived from having least developed country status and the implications of graduating from the list in terms of the potential loss of such measures. The Handbook aims at promoting a better understanding of the LDC category and the benefits derived from membership therein. Accordingly, the publication is intended for use by government officials, policymakers, researchers and others interested in the particular development problems and challenges faced by low-income developing countries.



Special support measures for the least developed countries

The least developed countries (LDCs) derive special support measures both from the donor community, including bilateral donors and multilateral organizations, as well as from the special treatment accorded to them by certain multilateral and regional trade agreements. Currently, the major support measures extended to countries with LDC status vary among development partners and relate primarily to trade preferences and the volume of offi cial development assistance (ODA). These measures fall into three main areas: (a) international trade; (b) offi cial development assistance, including development fi nancing and technical cooperation; and (c) other forms of assistance.


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