Handbook on the Least Developed Country Category

Inclusion, and Graduation and Special Support Measures

image of Handbook on the Least Developed Country Category
The present Handbook contains a comprehensive explanation of the criteria, procedures and methodology used in establishing which countries are eligible for inclusion in, or recommended for graduation from, the Least Developed Countries (LDC) category. It also provides an overview of the special support measures that can be derived from having least developed country status and the implications of graduating from the list in terms of the potential loss of such measures. The Handbook aims at promoting a better understanding of the LDC category and the benefits derived from membership therein. Accordingly, the publication is intended for use by government officials, policymakers, researchers and others interested in the particular development problems and challenges faced by low-income developing countries.



Criteria and procedures for inclusion in and graduation from the least developed country category

The least developed country (LDC) category comprises low-income developing countries which face severe structural impediments to growth. Indicators of such impediments are the high vulnerability of the countries’ economies and their low level of human capital. An appreciation of the origins and evolution of the category is important in gaining a better understanding of the concerns that led to its creation. It will also contribute to a better understanding of the particular problems faced by this group of countries and the responses developed by the international community to confront the specifi c challenges of the LDCs.


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