Horizons 2030

Equality at the Centre of Sustainable Development

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The world is living a change of era. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals represent the international community’s response to the economic, distributive and environmental imbalances built up under the prevailing development pattern. This document, presented by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to its member States at its thirty-sixth session, provides an analytical complement to the 2030 Agenda from a structuralist perspective and from the point of view of the Latin American and Caribbean countries. The proposals made here stem from the need to achieve progressive structural change in order to incorporate more knowledge into production, ensure social inclusion and combat the negative impacts of climate change. The reflections and proposals for advancing towards a new development pattern are geared to achieving equality and environmental sustainability. In these proposals, the creation of global and regional public goods and the corresponding domestic policies form the core for expanding the structuralist tradition towards a global Keynesianism and a development strategy centered around an environmental big push.

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A new development pattern: The 2030 Agenda for sustainable development

The world faces the challenge of having to change its pattern of development, which is no longer sustainable. Factors such as economic slowdown and instability, the inequalities and tensions arising from the concentration of wealth and income among and within countries, and the risk of an environmental crisis of immense proportions are increasingly at the forefront of public debate. The search for a new development pattern and a new policy agenda is under way, and the relevance and urgency of this task has been confirmed by the recent evolution of the world economy and of the region in particular.

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