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Horizons 2030

Equality at the Centre of Sustainable Development

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The world is living a change of era. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals represent the international community’s response to the economic, distributive and environmental imbalances built up under the prevailing development pattern. This document, presented by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to its member States at its thirty-sixth session, provides an analytical complement to the 2030 Agenda from a structuralist perspective and from the point of view of the Latin American and Caribbean countries. The proposals made here stem from the need to achieve progressive structural change in order to incorporate more knowledge into production, ensure social inclusion and combat the negative impacts of climate change. The reflections and proposals for advancing towards a new development pattern are geared to achieving equality and environmental sustainability. In these proposals, the creation of global and regional public goods and the corresponding domestic policies form the core for expanding the structuralist tradition towards a global Keynesianism and a development strategy centered around an environmental big push.

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The international economic environment has been deteriorating

The world economic situation will be less favourable over the coming years, with global GDP growth rates below the averages for previous decades. This is due to the weakening of the engines of growth (investment, productivity and, more recently, trade), mainly in the developed countries. Although emerging economies, particularly China, have managed to sustain high growth rates, they have not been able to pick up the baton to become the leaders of global growth.

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