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Horizons 2030

Equality at the Centre of Sustainable Development

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The world is living a change of era. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals represent the international community’s response to the economic, distributive and environmental imbalances built up under the prevailing development pattern. This document, presented by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to its member States at its thirty-sixth session, provides an analytical complement to the 2030 Agenda from a structuralist perspective and from the point of view of the Latin American and Caribbean countries. The proposals made here stem from the need to achieve progressive structural change in order to incorporate more knowledge into production, ensure social inclusion and combat the negative impacts of climate change. The reflections and proposals for advancing towards a new development pattern are geared to achieving equality and environmental sustainability. In these proposals, the creation of global and regional public goods and the corresponding domestic policies form the core for expanding the structuralist tradition towards a global Keynesianism and a development strategy centered around an environmental big push.

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Epilogue: Partnerships and compacts for a new development pattern

The success of policies to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals will hinge on a new development pattern: a progressive structural change centred on equality and environmental sustainability and based on social coalitions and compacts for governance at the global, regional and national levels. The viability of shifting to such a model rests on a long-term vision and a new correlation of social and political forces, inasmuch as development is essentially a political problem. It will also require means of implementation such as financing, technology, fair trade and an institutional architecture fit for the twenty-first century. As in any major transformation, success or failure will be determined in the political arena and in a review of the equation between State, market and citizens.

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