Human Development Report 1990

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This report is about people — and about how development enlarges their choices. It is about more than GNP growth, more than income and wealth and more than producing commodities and accumulating capital. A person's access to income may be one of the choices, but it is not the sum total of human endeavour. This report lays out a concrete priority agenda for better data collection that will enable the human development index to be used increasingly as a genuine measure of socioeconomic growth. It analyses the record of human development for the last three decades and the experience of 14 countries in managing economic growth and human development. It ends with a special focus on the problems of human development in an increasingly urban setting.



Human development since 1960

The developing countries have made significant progress towards human development in the last three decades. They increased life expectancy at birth from 46 years in 1960 to 62 years in 1987. They halved the mortality rates for children under five and immunised two-thirds of all one-year-olds against major childhood diseases. The developing countries also made primary health care accessible to 61% of their people and safe water to 55% (80% in urban areas). In addition, they increased the per capita calorie supply by about 20% between 1965 and 1985.


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