Human Development Report 1990

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This report is about people — and about how development enlarges their choices. It is about more than GNP growth, more than income and wealth and more than producing commodities and accumulating capital. A person's access to income may be one of the choices, but it is not the sum total of human endeavour. This report lays out a concrete priority agenda for better data collection that will enable the human development index to be used increasingly as a genuine measure of socioeconomic growth. It analyses the record of human development for the last three decades and the experience of 14 countries in managing economic growth and human development. It ends with a special focus on the problems of human development in an increasingly urban setting.



Technical notes

The early leaders of quantification in economics kept their main focus on people, a focus that in recent years has been blurred. Although development has been a constant concern of government policymakers, economists and other social scientists—and has touched the lives of more people than ever before—there has been little agreement on what constitutes development, how it is best measured and how it is best achieved. One reason for this lack of agreement is that dissatisfaction with the pace and character of economic and social change has instilled a desire to redefine the aims and measures of development.


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