Human Development Report 1993

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The challenge for development is to identify the best route to unleash people’s entrepreneurial spirit – to take risks, to compete, to innovate, to determine the direction and pace of development. Every institution – and every policy action – should be judged by one critical test: how does it meet the genuine aspirations of the people? This is the vision national and global decision-makers must consider if the 1990s are to emerge as a new watershed in peaceful development – and if the 21st century is to see the full flowering of human potential all over the world. It is fitting, therefore that this year’s Human Development Report has people’s participation as its special focus.



Technical notes

The HDI includes three key components-longevity, knowledge and income, which are combined to arrive at an average deprivation index (for a full technical description, see Human Development Report 1991, technical note 1, pp. 88–89). Longevity is measured by life expectancy at birth as the sole unadjusted indicator. Knowledge is measured by two educational stock variables: adult literacy and mean years of schooling. The measure of educational achievement is adjusted by assigning a weight of two-thirds to literacy and one-third to mean years of schooling


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