Identifying Core Elements in Investment Agreements in the APEC Region

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This study responds to an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum Investment Experts Group request to identify the core elements in investment agreements in the APEC region. This includes identifying the range of approaches taken in respect of these elements. The study sample, selected by APEC, includes 28 international investment agreements (IIAs) between and/or involving APEC member economies. These comprise 14 bilateral investments treaties and 14 preferential trade and investment agreements. The publication identifies common, core elements of APEC IIAs and the way these provisions assist in liberalization, protection and promotion of investment.

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The secretariat of UNCTAD is implementing a programme on international investment arrangements. The programme seeks to help developing countries participate as effectively as possible in international investment rulemaking. It embraces policy research and development, including the preparation of a series of issues papers; human resources capacity-building and institution-building, including national seminars, regional symposia and training courses; and support to intergovernmental consensus-building. The programme is implemented by a team led by James Zhan.

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