Identifying Core Elements in Investment Agreements in the APEC Region

image of Identifying Core Elements in Investment Agreements in the APEC Region
This study responds to an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum Investment Experts Group request to identify the core elements in investment agreements in the APEC region. This includes identifying the range of approaches taken in respect of these elements. The study sample, selected by APEC, includes 28 international investment agreements (IIAs) between and/or involving APEC member economies. These comprise 14 bilateral investments treaties and 14 preferential trade and investment agreements. The publication identifies common, core elements of APEC IIAs and the way these provisions assist in liberalization, protection and promotion of investment.

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APEC investment instruments

This section discusses the extent to which the principles and practices in APEC investment instruments are reflected in the approach to treaty making taken by individual member economies. Considered together, the APEC investment instruments set out principles and practices that are consistently reflected in the IIAs concluded by APEC members. However, looking at each of the three instruments individually reveals divergence in several areas.

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