Impacts of trade facilitation measures on poverty and inclusive growth

Case studies from Asia

image of Impacts of trade facilitation measures on poverty and inclusive growth
Trade and investment are growth engines in Asia and the Pacific enabling them to significantly reduce poverty during the past two decades. However, performance would improve if high tariff and non-tariff barriers issues were addressed; non-tariff trade costs alone account for over 90% of overall trade costs. With some of the world’s most dynamic economies located in the region, the potential for expansion of intraregional trade and investment in Asia and the Pacific exists, making the whole region more resilient to external shocks. Unfortunately, many barriers prevent intraregional movement of goods and investment, affecting in particular the opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to directly participate in international trade. Removal of those barriers and deepening regional connectivity can therefore be a strong driver of growth and poverty reduction. While sufficient literature exists with regard to establishing a direct and positive correlation between trade and poverty reduction, very few studies have been undertake. This book addresses that gap and features a compilation of specific case studies exploring the link between a number of trade facilitation measures and poverty reduction.



Barriers to international entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector of Bangladesh: Focus on vegetable production

Vegetables are cultivated for their edible parts that are typically the leaf, stem, or root, but usually excluding seeds and most sweet fruits. The consumption of vegetables is important for the nutritional and health benefits that they provide. The Global Burden for Disease Project 2000 reported that inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables is the cause 2.7 million deaths worldwide and 1.8 per cent of the global disease burden (Lock and others, 2004). A joint study by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) recommends consumption of a minimum of 400 g of fruit and vegetables per day (excluding potatoes and other starchy tubers) in order to prevent chronic illnesses such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and obesity as well as for the prevention and alleviation of several micronutrient deficiencies (FAO/WHO, 2004).


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