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Inclusive Social Protection in Latin America

A Comprehensive, Rights-based Approach

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This publication examines the main debates under way on social protection and co-responsibility transfer programmes. It identifies the role played by these programmes and considers the conceptual elements, needs and the challenges that will have to be overcome to consolidate comprehensive social protection systems in Latin America. The authors argue that these should be solidarity-based systems that provide universal coverage and are essentially egalitarian in the guarantees established as citizens' rights. Citizenship as a whole is thus becoming part of protection policies as the region moves towards all-encompassing social policies that combine the complementary principles of targeting as the instrument and universality as the end.

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Towards a comprehensive social protection system

Previous chapters have discussed a number of issues relating to the development of social protection in Latin America, including the various conceptual approaches and frameworks that have shaped it in recent decades, existing proposals for consolidating broader access to social protection instruments and some of the main initiatives and policies that countries have designed and implemented in the area of social protection. This chapter explores the components, scope and prospects for building comprehensive social protection schemes in the region, identifying their role within the wider set of social policies. After presenting the social protection components guided by this approach, this chapter goes on to review some of the central tenets underpinning social protection management and implementation, bringing to light a number of challenges and unresolved issues.

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