Income Inequality Trends in sub-Saharan Africa

Divergence, Determinants, and Consequences

image of Income Inequality Trends in sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) recorded a remarkable economic performance in the first 15 years of the 21st century. Such an encouraging trend, which reversed the stagnation or decline of the prior 25 years, was accompanied by a perceptible, modest, but uneven decline in aggregate poverty, together with substantial cross-country variation in the poverty-reducing power of growth. This is reflected in, and partially driven by, the variation of inequality levels and trends among the African countries. Proper documentation of inequality levels and trends in the region therefore becomes essential in order to better understand the slow and varying rate of decline of poverty reduction in the region. To this end, this book, an outcome of a comprehensive study of income inequality in SSA, documents the initial conditions and changes in income inequality that have taken place in the region since the early 1990s. It proposes hypotheses to account for this experience and draws relevant lessons that could help accelerate reduction in income disparities.

English French


Drivers of income inequality in Burkina Faso, Ghana and the United Republic of tanzania: A comparative analysis

The levels and dimensions of income inequality in Africa are heterogeneous, with varying degrees of intensity, diversity and drivers. Since 1990, income inequality trends in the continent have been multi-dimensional, exhibiting a rising, a falling, a U-shaped, or an inverted U-shaped (∩) trends. These variations emphasise the importance of achieving a deeper understanding of each of these trends in Africa towards identifying key drivers and to offer policy recommendations for the countries associated with each trend. Focusing on specific drivers of progress on income inequality allows for a clear understanding of why some countries make significant progress while others lag behind. This focus also makes it possible to draw policy lessons regarding human and institutional factors that define successes and failures in African countries.

English French

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error