Industrial Development Report 2004

Industrialization, Environment and the Millennium Development Goals in Sub-Saharan Africa - The New Frontier in the Fight against Poverty

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The Industrial Development Report is intended to build on development policy experience and contribute to a refinement of the international development agenda. The Report pays special attention to current needs and capabilities in the developing countries in general, and the least developed among them in particular. The 2004 edition addresses the challenges faced by Sub-Saharan African countries in furthering their efforts towards poverty reduction and reaching the Millennium Development Goals.



Industry, environment and the diffusion of environmentally sound technologies

The relationship between poverty and environmental degradation is of particular importance in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In the region’s predominantly rural economies, solving environmental problems means ensuring better living conditions for millions of poor. About 40 percent of the total population in SSA – 258 million people – were living on fragile lands by the year 2000 (World Bank, 2003). These people are highly dependent on the available natural resources, which becomes a factor of further environmental resource degradation and poverty.


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