Industrial Development Report 2009

Breaking In and Moving Up - New Industrial Challenges for the Bottom Billion and the Middle-Income Countries

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The report discusses the opportunities and constraints faced by two groups of countries: the countries of the bottom billion trying to break into global markets for manufactured goods, and the middle-income countries that are striving to move up to more sophisticated manufacturing. It focuses predominantly on manufacturing, but also discusses resource extraction, which is the other major type of industrialization in developing countries.



Implications for industrial development

The preceding four chapters described the key structural changes taking place in industrial production, production locations and markets that are shaping the opportunities and challenges faced by developing countries as they seek to industrialize. This chapter looks at the implications of those trends for the two groups of countries that emerge from that analysis as particularly at risk: low-income countries that have so far failed to break into global markets for manufactured exports—countries of the bottom billion—and slow-growing middle income countries that are increasingly losing ground in global markets for industrial goods.


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