Innovation Performance Review of Tajikistan

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The Innovation Performance Review of Tajikistan contains the outcomes of a policy advisory exercise that drew on the experience accumulated by the UNECE in the identification of good practices and policy lessons in the area of knowledge-based development, with particular reference to the problems of countries with economies in transition. It provides a set of recommendations and policy options to stimulate innovation activity in the country, enhance its innovation capacity and improve the overall efficiency of the national innovation system.



Framework conditions, innovation policies and instruments

The business environment in Tajikistan has made some progress in recent years, for instance, regarding procedures for starting a business or the introduction of an electronic system for filing and paying taxes, but on the whole innovation activities and technological development remain weak. The most recent Enterprise Surveys carried out by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation shows that the country’s innovative capability31 is below the average of all Eastern European and Central Asian countries (used as a benchmark group. R&D expenditures are quite low, with R&D intensities since 2004 remaining under 0.1% of GDP, which is very low compared to Russia (1.1% in 2013), Ukraine (0.65% in 2011), Armenia (0.66% in 2011) or Belarus (0.8% in 2011)32. The share of industry on GDP is also quite low. Many companies are state-owned, particularly in the energy sector as well as the aluminum, cement, and cotton industries.


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