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Institutional Frameworks for Social Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean

image of Institutional Frameworks for Social Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean

The world is going through a period of change. Volatile economic growth, climate change, the technological revolution, migration and the demographic transition all reflect this, as do the impacts these changes are having on society and the challenges they pose for public policies. Continuing the social progress made in Latin America and the Caribbean, ensuring no ground is lost and attaining the Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development while ensuring that no one is left behind will require new and greater public policy efforts to enhance coverage and quality. An essential part of this is to have institutions capable of meeting current and future challenges, securing viable and sustainable achievements and guaranteeing the universal exercise of rights. This book reviews elements of the institutional framework for social policies in the region, particularly those focused on social protection. It thus discusses the leading concepts and the progress made at the regional and national level within a framework of four complementary analytical dimensions: the legal and regulatory dimension, the organizational dimension, the technical and operational dimension and the financing dimension.

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Institutional framework for social development

The institutional framework of social development policy has long been studied at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and have been among the subjects covered in recent major publications of the Social Development Division (ECLAC, 2015 and 2016b). The position document of the thirty-sixth session of the Commission in 2016 highlighted the indispensable need to consolidate existing institutions in order to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and emphasized that “the social sphere in countries of the region is still segmented by sector and, worse, kept separate from the economic sphere, and there is a hierarchical structure that subordinates social institutions to the economic authorities” (ECLAC, 2016a, p. 162).

English

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