International recommendations for industrial statistics 2008

image of International recommendations for industrial statistics 2008

The present publication is a component of the United Nations Statistics Division initiative for strengthening countries methodological and operational foundation for industrial statistics. Although this publication makes recommendations for industrial statistics, many elements of its recommendations, like those for the definition and delineation of statistical units and its guidance on a data-collection strategy and data compilation practices, are generally applicable to the development of an integrated economic statistics system for business statistics in general, with a view to collecting, compiling and reporting basic economic data across economic activities, in the most cost-efficient manner, consistent with macroeconomic statistics. This publication is designed to provide a comprehensive methodological framework for the collection and reporting of industrial statistics in all countries, irrespective of the level of development of their statistical systems.

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Characteristics of statistical units

Statistical units are characterized by a number of descriptive variables that are useful for their proper identification. Utilization of these characteristics is helpful in collecting information about units and their structures; providing a sampling basis for statistical surveys; and permitting comparisons and links to be made between data from different data sources, thereby significantly reducing duplication in data collection and response burden. The main characteristics of the statistical unit are identification code, location, kind of activity, type of economic organization, type of legal organization and ownership, size, and demographic characteristics.

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