Latin America and the Caribbean demographic observatory 2013

Population projections

image of Latin America and the Caribbean demographic observatory 2013
In this issue, Demographic Observatory presents estimates and projections of the population of the 20 countries of Latin America, for the period 1950-2100. The figures contained in this publication are a revision of those presented in the Demographic Observatory No. 13. From this edition, Demographic Observatory will follow a standard format containing information that will be updated annually and were prepared by CELADE-Population Division of ECLAC.

English, Spanish


Urban population growth in Latin America: different paths towards a common future?

One of Latin America’s characteristics is that its urban population is larger, in percentage terms, than the world average. Until the early 1960s the subregion was predominantly rural, but the application of the importsubstitution policy and the absence of reform in the countryside intensified rural-to-urban migration. As a result, the urban population, as a proportion of the total, rose dramatically between 1950 and 1995. This trend continued until the end of the twentieth century, by which time Latin America had overtaken the most developed regions in terms of urban population. Today, with about 80% of its population residing in cities (see figure 1), Latin America has the most urbanized population of any region in the developing world.


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