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CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

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Latin America in the possible scenarios of détente

There are a number of indicators which point to the possibility that some slackening may be occurring in the rivalries between the great powers which may lead to the final solution of the “cold war” and the beginning of a period of stable and lasting international peace. If international relations really are moving towards such a change, then what would the economic, political and ideological repercussions of this development be for Latin America? The author of this essay in social futurology puts this question and, after first of all setting out the salient features of the “cold war”, devotes the central part of this article to an analysis of the effects that such a détente in international relations would have on Latin America. Three different types of possible détente —co-operative, competitive and conflictive — are presented and the implications of each of them are considered with special attention to the likely consequences of the first one. Among these consequences, the author highlights the predominance of cosmopolitan and universalist attitudes in international relations, ideological “decentralization”, the expansion of markets, the weakening of the system of satellites, the prevalence of non-authoritarian régimes, etc. Finally, the autor analyses the repercussions of détente on three key questions in the development of the region: its situation on the periphery, the contradiction between political and economic rationality, and Latin American integration.

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