The Least Developed Countries Report 2010

image of The Least Developed Countries Report 2010

This report calls for the creation of a new international development architecture (NIDA) for the LDCs aimed at: a) reversing their marginalization in the global economy and helping them in their catch-up efforts; b) supporting a pattern of accelerated economic growth and diversification to improve the well-being of all their people; and c) helping them graduate from LCD status. The NIDA for LDCs would be constituted through reforms of the global economic regimes which directly affect development and poverty reduction in LDCs, and through the design of a new generation of special international support mechanisms for the LDCs aimed at addressing their specific structural constraints and vulnerabilities. Increasing South-South cooperation could play an important role in a NIDA for LCDs. The Report proposes five major pillars of the NIDA: finance, trade, commodities, technology, and climate change mitigation and adaptation and identifies a forward-looking action.

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The contours of a new international development architecture for LDCs

This chapter presents a conceptual framework for the design of a New International Development Architecture (NIDA) for LDCs. NIDA is defined as a new architecture of formal and informal institutions, rules and norms, including incentives, standards and processes, which would shape international economic relations in a way that is conducive to sustained and inclusive development in the LDCs. The objectives of such a NIDA are: (a) to reverse the marginalization of LDCs in the global economy and to help them catch up; (b) to support a pattern of accelerated and sustained economic growth which would improve the general welfare and well-being of all people in the LDCs; and (c) to help LDCs graduate from LDC status. These objectives could be achieved through a greater emphasis on the development of productive capacities of LDCs and through a renewed role of the State in promoting development. The new architecture is intended to influence and shape the economic behaviour of all agents within the domains of finance, trade, commodities, technology, and climate change adaptation and mitigation. The NIDA for LDCs should be part of a broader set of systemic reforms which need to be taken in the wake of the financial crisis and global recession, and which would be beneficial for all countries, both developed and developing.

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