Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

image of Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

The world of work is going through far-reaching transformations. These transformations have a strong impact on labour markets and pose new challenges for their institutions, including unemployment protection and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), which are crucial to the creation of full and productive employment and decent work for all. Constantly changing labour markets and the growing heterogeneity of labour relations present major challenges for the design of unemployment protection instruments. In addition, a highly skilled workforce is a key element for any development strategy that aims to base economic growth on innovation and knowledge. Moreover, national technical and vocational education and training systems must meet increasingly diverse demands from both the production sector and persons seeking decent work. By analyzing recent experiences in Latin America and Asia in relation to unemployment protection and TVET systems, as well as the challenges the countries of the two regions face as they develop these labour market institutions, this volume seeks to contribute to the debate on the formation of labour market institutions that foster sustainable development in a changing world of work.

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Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institutions and programmes in Mexico

This chapter reviews the main characteristics of the institutions responsible for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Mexico. Through them, the Mexican government has fostered the development of job skills through interventions of two kinds. On one hand, it has established a series of legal provisions that oblige employers to train their workers and, on the other hand, it has implemented policies and programmes to deliver TVET or to provide support for worker training. The TVET systems operating these programmes can be classified into three types, according to the duration of the plan of study and the employment status of participants: (i) the “technological baccalaureate”, with a three-year plan of study; (ii) “training for the workplace”, with short-term courses that may be offered in or outside a classroom setting; and (iii) “on-the-job training”, which may be the principal purpose of the public intervention, or merely a complementary component of programmes that have other objectives.

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