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Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

image of Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

The world of work is going through far-reaching transformations. These transformations have a strong impact on labour markets and pose new challenges for their institutions, including unemployment protection and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), which are crucial to the creation of full and productive employment and decent work for all. Constantly changing labour markets and the growing heterogeneity of labour relations present major challenges for the design of unemployment protection instruments. In addition, a highly skilled workforce is a key element for any development strategy that aims to base economic growth on innovation and knowledge. Moreover, national technical and vocational education and training systems must meet increasingly diverse demands from both the production sector and persons seeking decent work. By analyzing recent experiences in Latin America and Asia in relation to unemployment protection and TVET systems, as well as the challenges the countries of the two regions face as they develop these labour market institutions, this volume seeks to contribute to the debate on the formation of labour market institutions that foster sustainable development in a changing world of work.

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The Asia-Pacific region’s experience with National Systems of Technical and vocational Education and Training

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is being widely promoted as a transformative tool that can have a positive impact on a country’s economy, increase its level of social equity and contribute to its sustainable development. It is thus seen as a mechanism that facilitates increased productivity and well-being by providing individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to function in a position of employment. In order to activate this transformative potential more effectively, National Systems of Technical and vocational Education and Training (NSTVETs) are shifting away from a supply-driven approach and towards a demand-driven model. Here, both labour market data and input from industry have a critical role to play. Labour market data can help TVET providers to anticipate demand. Industries (including small and medium-sized enterprises) that are active participants at all levels of the national system, including policy development, the establishment of national standards and coordination with providers, can effect positive results. By the same token, providers (both public and private) must be flexible and nimble in order to respond to changes in the job market.

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