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Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

image of Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

The world of work is going through far-reaching transformations. These transformations have a strong impact on labour markets and pose new challenges for their institutions, including unemployment protection and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), which are crucial to the creation of full and productive employment and decent work for all. Constantly changing labour markets and the growing heterogeneity of labour relations present major challenges for the design of unemployment protection instruments. In addition, a highly skilled workforce is a key element for any development strategy that aims to base economic growth on innovation and knowledge. Moreover, national technical and vocational education and training systems must meet increasingly diverse demands from both the production sector and persons seeking decent work. By analyzing recent experiences in Latin America and Asia in relation to unemployment protection and TVET systems, as well as the challenges the countries of the two regions face as they develop these labour market institutions, this volume seeks to contribute to the debate on the formation of labour market institutions that foster sustainable development in a changing world of work.

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Unemployment protection systems: The experiences of developed and transition countries

Latin America and Asia face similar challenges in developing labour market institutions. For example, they need to create new unemployment protection systems or strengthen existing ones; and they need to improve training programmes and enhance labour market inclusion for population segments living in conditions of poverty and vulnerability. This chapter aims to contribute to the discussion on policies to address those challenges, by analysing the experiences of developed and transition countries with those protection systems. First, the developed countries have accumulated many decades of experience in developing such instruments, and they have a copious bibliography on their impact. Second, transition countries, many of which have a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita similar to those of Asian and Latin American countries, faced the new challenge of open unemployment when they converted from central planning to market economies. This makes the question of how they built a brand new protection system particularly relevant.

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