Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

image of Protection and Training Institutions for Improving Workforce Integration in Latin America and Asia

The world of work is going through far-reaching transformations. These transformations have a strong impact on labour markets and pose new challenges for their institutions, including unemployment protection and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), which are crucial to the creation of full and productive employment and decent work for all. Constantly changing labour markets and the growing heterogeneity of labour relations present major challenges for the design of unemployment protection instruments. In addition, a highly skilled workforce is a key element for any development strategy that aims to base economic growth on innovation and knowledge. Moreover, national technical and vocational education and training systems must meet increasingly diverse demands from both the production sector and persons seeking decent work. By analyzing recent experiences in Latin America and Asia in relation to unemployment protection and TVET systems, as well as the challenges the countries of the two regions face as they develop these labour market institutions, this volume seeks to contribute to the debate on the formation of labour market institutions that foster sustainable development in a changing world of work.

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Creating effective, efficient and inclusive National Systems of Technical and vocational Education and Training in Latin America

Latin America faces two closely linked challenges: laying the basis for sustainable economic growth, and reducing the still-high level of inequality that, among other things, threatens the social sustainability of that growth. Technical and vocational training, together with general education, has a key role to play in moving forward on this front. On one hand, an increasingly skilled labour force that can take advantage of the production potential of new technologies and new ways of organizing production is essential for closing productivity gaps, both external (in comparison with developed countries) and internal (reducing the structural heterogeneity among production sectors and among economic agents). Closing these gaps will require a structural change to incorporate activities that are based increasingly on innovation, knowledge and skills (ECLAC, 2012).

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