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Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2019

image of Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2019

This annual report prepared by The Board provides a comprehensive account of the global drug situation, analyses trends in drug abuse and drug trafficking and suggests necessary remedial action. Divided into four parts, it covers the following topics: drugs and corruption, functioning of the international drug control system, analysis of the world situation and finally, a set of recommendations to governments, the United Nations and other relevant international and regional organizations. A set of Annexes follows.

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Foreword

The thematic chapter of the INCB annual report for 2019 focuses on improving prevention and treatment services for young people. The year 2019 marked the thirtieth anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In article 33 of that Convention, States parties committed to taking measures to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of drugs. Sadly, substance use and the associated health consequences are greatest among young people, especially those between the ages of 18 and 25. The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances set out requirements for parties to take all practicable measures to prevent and treat drug dependence. That obligation was reaffirmed in the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 and in numerous resolutions and declarations of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly in its special sessions on the world drug problem. This year’s thematic chapter is aimed at improving understanding of the complexity of the problem and provides a way forward for Member States and civil society to promote the safe and healthy development of children, young people, families and communities through the effective prevention and treatment of drug use. It is our shared duty to safeguard the well-being of young people.

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